Residential Smoke Alarms -
Research, Studies, and Findings

  1. Linda E. Smith "Fire Incident Study, National Smoke Detector Project"
    (U.S. Consumer Safety Product Commission, January 1995)

  2. Julie I. Shapiro "Smoke Detector Operability Survey, Engineering Laboratory Analysis"
    (U.S. Consumer Safety Product Commission, October 1994)

  3. "White Paper: Home Smoke Alarms and Other Fire Detection and Alarm Equipment"
    (Public/Private Fire Safety Council, April 2006)

  4. Peter J. Finley, Jr. "Residential Fire Alarm Systems: The Verification and Response Dilemma"
    (Vineland, New Jersey Fire Department, November 2001)

  5. Marty Ahrens "False Alarms and Unwanted Activations"
    (National Fire Protection Association, November 2005)

  6. Sue Mallonee, et al., "Surveillance and Prevention of Residential-Fire Injuries"
    (The New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 335:27-31, July 1996)

  7. Lawrence R. Berger "When Smoke Alarms Are a Nuisance"
    (Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, Volume 155, August 2001)

  8. Diana M. Kuklinski, et al., "Smoke Detector Nuisance Alarms: A Field Study in a Native American Community"
    (NFPA Journal, September/October 1996)

  9. Thomas M. Fazzini, et al., "Ionization and Photoelectric Smoke Alarms in Rural Alaskan Homes"
    (Western Journal of Medicine, Volume 173:89-92, August 2000)

  10. "Residential Smoke Alarm Report"
    (The International Association of Fire Chiefs, September 1980)

  11. "Position Statement: Eliminating Unwanted and Nuisance Fire Alarm Activations"
    (The International Association of Fire Chiefs, Fire & Life Safety Section, September 2009)

  12. J.R. Qualey III, et al., "Response-Time Comparisons of Ionization and Photoelectric/Heat Detectors"
    (National Institute of Standards and Technology, March 2001)

  13. The Fire Protection Research Foundation, "Investigation of Auditory Arousal with Different Alarm Signals in Sleeping Older Adults"
    (The Fire Protection Research Foundation, May 2006)